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Brozel Escapes are a "runout" convention after your side has opened 1NT and the opponents double for penalty. The direct responses are very similar to the Brozel convention for overcalling an opposing 1NT.

Partner Opp 1 You Opp 2
1NT X ? 

Partner Opp 1 You Opp 2
1NT Pass Pass X

After the opposing double, the conventional bids are as follows.

Bid Meaning
Pass   Requires partner to make an artificial redouble. Shows either a good hand that wants to play 1NT redoubled, OR a one-suited hand (5+ cards). After partner's redouble, all bids at the 2-level are natural and non-forcing.

XX Shows one of the following two-suiters:

  • Clubs and diamonds (at least 4-4).
  • Clubs and spades (at least 4-4). Note that in the Brozel defense to 1NT, this hand is showed by a direct 2. However, in the Brozel escape system, a 2 reply is natural.
  • Diamonds and spades (at least 4-4).

After hearing the redouble, partner must choose which action to take:

  • 2 - Shows club tolerance, If partner has diamonds & spades, he will correct to 2.
  • 2 - With a club doubleton or with 4-4 diamonds and spades, bid 2 and ask partner to either pass, or correct to 2 if he holds clubs & spades.
2 Shows clubs and hearts (at least 4-4). Partner can pass with club tolerance, or correct to 2 with longer hearts.

2 Shows diamonds and hearts (at least 4-4).

2 Shows hearts and spades (at least 4-4).

2 5+ spades. Depending on partnership agreement, this may be weaker than a redouble followed by a 2 rebid. Alternatively, it may promise more strength than the redouble sequence. Either way, it's still non-forcing.


Brozel escapes are a modification of the Brozel convention, which was invented by Bernard Zeller.

See also

  • Dig-Out
    An escape system that emphasizes 2-suiters with spades.

  • Exit Transfers
    An escape system that uses transfer bids.

  • Helvic Wriggle
    An escape system (wriggle) that includes a conventional pass and redouble, as well as "touching" suit escapes.

  • Meckwell Escapes
    An escape system used by American experts Jeff Meckstroth and Eric Rodwell.

  • Moscow Escapes
    An escape system with suit runouts very similar to the DONT convention.

  • Owen Wriggle
    An escape system (wriggle) that includes a multi-purpose forcing pass and 2 bid to show any 2-suiter.

  • Staveley Wriggle
    An escape system (wriggle) with a "multi" style 2 runout.

    An escape system by Australians Bob Sebesfi and Paul Woods.

  • Touching Escapes
    An escape system that uses suit bids to show "touching" 2-suiters.

  • Twisted SWINE
    A variation of the SWINE convention.