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Limit Raises are used after partner opens the bidding with 1-of-a-suit. A jump raise (e.g. 1:3 or 1:3) shows 10-12 points and 4-card support. 5-card support is possible opposite a minor-suit opening.

Back in the old, old days, this sequence showed a strong game-forcing hand. Over time, players gradually realized that this approach was too uncommon and impractical. Hence the birth of the limit raise.

There is expert debate on whether 3-card limit raises are acceptable opposite a 1H/S opening bid. This practice may occur if 1) playing a 5-card major system, and 2) holding 3-card support with unbalanced shape.

Opener can pass a limit raise with minimum values, or bid on with more. If playing a system that uses 3-card 1 and 1 openings, limit raises in those suits should should show good 4- or 5-card support.


Examples

OpenerResponder
AQ987SKJ43
HT92A4
DQ5984
CA98Q632

Opener
1
Pass (2)

Responder
3 (1)

  1. Limit raise
  2. Passing with a minimum


OpenerResponder
6SKJ5
HKQT84A973
DAK983
CQ43J9762

Opener
1
4 (2)

Responder
3 (1)

  1. Limit raise
  2. Bidding game with sufficient values


In Competition

Limit raises are typically off in competition. Jump raises become preemptive, showing 0-6 points and at least 4-card support (or 5-card support in response to a minor). Using this method, responder can then use the Jordan 2NT over an enemy takeout double to show a hand worth a limit raise or better, or a cue-bid over an enemy overcall.

See also

  • Bergen Raises
    A method of raising 1/ opening bids that includes weak jump raises.

  • Inverted Minors
    A method of raising 1/ opening bids in which a single raise is strong and a double raise is weak.

  • Jacoby 2NT
    A 2NT response to 1/ showing game-forcing support

  • Jordan 2NT
    An artificial 2NT raise after an opposing takeout double. Promises limit raise strength or better.

  • Reversed Splinters
    A variation of splinters in which the bid suit shows shortness in another suit.

  • Splinters
    A double-jump shift to show unbalanced, game-forcing support in response to a major suit.

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